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Thirst and Drinking Paradigms: Evolution from Single Factor Effects to Brainwide Dynamic Networks

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Association should be addressed to Christoph A. E-mail: ed. Published by Oxford Academe Press. Abstract Depletion imposes both basic and desire to drink, and potentiates the response to need-relevant cues all the rage the environment. The present fMRI analyse aimed to determine which neural structures selectively increase the incentive value of need-relevant stimuli in a thirst affirm. Towards this end, participants were scanned twice—either in a thirst or no-thirst state—while viewing pictures of beverages after that chairs. As expected, thirst led en route for a selective increase in self-reported pleasantness and arousal by beverages. Increased responses to beverage when compared with control the discussion stimuli were observed in the cingulate cortex, insular cortex and the amygdala in the thirst state, which were absent in the no-thirst condition.

This article has been cited by erstwhile articles in PMC. Abstract The drive to seek and consume water is an essential component of human fluid—electrolyte homeostasis, optimal function, and health. This review describes the evolution of concepts regarding thirst and drinking behavior, made possible by magnetic resonance imaging, beast models, and novel laboratory techniques. The earliest thirst paradigms focused on definite factors such as dry mouth after that loss of water from tissues. As a result of the end of the 19th century, physiologists proposed a thirst center all the rage the brain that was verified all the rage animals 60 years later. During the early- and mids, the influences of gastric distention, neuroendocrine responses, circulatory properties i. Following a quarter century — of human brain imaging, current delve into focuses on networks of networks, along with thirst and satiety conceived as hemispheric waves of neuronal activations that cross the brain in milliseconds.

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